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Anuncios y noticias de Aguinaga Law Group y el mundo de inmigración

A blog by Melissa Aguinaga on United States immigration law.

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New Trump Proclamation Further Restricts Legal Immigration

23 June 2020

Yesterday, President Trump signed a proclamation blocking foreign workers from entering the US on certain visas, including the popular H-1B visa for skilled workers, for the remainder of the year. Throughout the coronavirus pandemic, the Trump Administration has restricted legal immigration. The administration claims this latest move is necessary to protect Americans due to high unemployment levels stemming from the pandemic. It is estimated to affect hundreds of thousands of people who planned to come to the US legally.

The proclamation goes into effect at 12:01 am ET June 24, 2020 and will prevent foreigners from coming to the US through a variety of visa categories:

  • H-1B visa, crucial for employers in STEM fields, and any foreign national accompanying or following to join them,
  • H-2B visa, which provide temporary workers in nonagricultural industries, and any foreign national accompanying or following to join them,
  • J visa, if the foreign national is participating in an intern, trainee, teacher, camp counselor, au pair, or summer work travel program, and any foreign national accompanying or following to join them, and
  • L visa, which allow companies to transfer employees working overseas to the US offices, and any foreign national accompanying or following to join them.

The proclamation will only apply to individuals identified above if they are:

  • outside the US on the proclamation's effective date,
  • do not have a nonimmigrant visa that is valid on the proclamation's effective date, and
  • do not have an official travel document other than a visa (such as a transportation, boarding foil, or advance parole document), valid on the proclamation's effective date or issued after the proclamation's effective date permitting the individual's admission to the US.

Exemptions

The proclamation does not apply to:

  • lawful permanent residents,
  • the spouse or children of a US citizen,
  • any individual seeking entry to provide temporary labor essential to the US food supply chain,
  • asylum seekers, or
  • any individual whose entry would be in the national interest as determined by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, or their respective designees.

The proclamation directs the Secretaries of State, Labor, and Homeland Security to determine standards in order to determine who may be covered under the “national interest” exemption, including individuals who:

  • are critical to the defense, law enforcement, diplomacy, or national security of the US,
  • are medical care providers to individuals who have contracted COVID-19 and are currently hospitalized,
  • are involved in medical research at US facilities to help the US fight COVID-19,
  • are necessary to facilitate the immediate and continued economic recovery of the US, or
  • are children who would age out of eligibility for a visa because of this proclamation or Proclamation 10014.

The proclamation gives consular officers discretion to determine if an individual fits within one of these exempted categories.

What does this all mean?

Because many US consulates remain closed due to the pandemic, the proclamation may not immediately affect the number of foreign nationals who can enter the US legally. The closures have caused a staggering drop in visa issuances recently, per the US State Departments monthly visa issuance data.

Having already temporarily barred the issuance of new green cards for 60 days, the administration announced the ban on new green cards will extend through the end of the year. The administration claims these moves will create 525,000 jobs for Americans. However, companies use foreign workers to fill positions when they cannot find American workers with the required skills and experience because hiring foreign workers is an expensive and time-consuming process for companies to undertake. This is particularly true in STEM fields which suffer from labor shortages. Filling these positions drives economic growth and creates jobs for American workers. As a result, this proclamation will create uncertainty for employers facing gaps in their workforce which will affect the Americans they employ.

In a statement to Vox, David Bier, an immigration policy analyst for the Cato Institute, an American libertarian think tank, said:

“This order is economically baseless. It will hurt the recovery and U.S. workers. Foreign workers create demand for other better jobs for U.S. workers elsewhere in the economy. Restricting migration will not lower unemployment, but it will harm American businesses — that are struggling to make it through this period — who employ both Americans and immigrants.”

Cambios de los Requisitos Para Obtener una Licencia de Conducir en Florida

11 May 2020

Si usted esta enfrentando un proceso de expulsión o deportación ante las cortes de inmigración en Florida y desea obtener una licencia de conducir, debe de presentar la siguiente documentación:

  • copia de su notificacion de audiencia,
  • pasaporte valido y
  • tarjeta I-94

El Departamento de Motores y Vehiculos de la Florida anuncio hoy el nuevo requisito de presentar la tarjeta I-94. Esto sin duda presentara problemas para aquellos extranjeros que no tienen una tarjeta I-94.

La tarjeta I-94 es comunmente otorgado a aquello extranjero que entró a los Estados Unidos con una visa or permiso valido.


Asistencia Pandémica de Desempleo

30 April 2020

¿Soy elegible para asistencia de reempleo?

Lo que debe saber sobre la asistencia de reemplazo y la ley de cuidados asistencia pandémica de desempleo:
Asistencia Pandémica de Desempleo
Asistencia Pandémica de Desempleo

Fase 1 del Plan Para Reabrir Florida Comenzará el Lunes 4 de Mayo

30 April 2020

La primera fase de la reapertura de Florida incluirá:

  • Las escuelas permanecerán en aprendizaje a distancia
  • El gobernador DeSantis aún prohibirá las visitas a instalaciones para personas de la tercera edad
  • Las cirugías electivas pueden reanudarse
  • Los restaurantes pueden ofrecer asientos al aire libre con un espacio de seis pies entre las mesas y los asientos en el interior se permitirán al 25 por ciento de capacidad
  • Las tiendas minoristas también pueden operar al 25 por ciento de la capacidad interior
  • No hay cambios para bares, gimnasios y servicios personales como peluquerías
  • El gobernador DeSantis reconoció que revisará las pautas para gimnasios después de observar cómo les va a otros estados
  • Las personas vulnerables deben evitar el contacto cercano con personas fuera del hogar
  • Todos los individuos, cuando están en público, deben maximizar la distancia física de los demás
  • Evitar socializar en grupos de más de 10 personas en circunstancias que no permitan fácilmente el distanciamiento físico
  • Las máscarillas faciales se recomiendan para todos aquellos en interacciones cara a cara y donde no se puede distanciar socialmente

Proclamacion Suspende la Entrada de Inmigrantes que Presentan un Riesgo en el Mercado de Labor de los Estados Unidos durante la Recuperacion de la Economia Causada por COVID-19

23 April 2020

El Presidente Trump firmo hoy la Orden Ejecutiva suspendiendo ciertos procesos de residencia.

Esta orden aplica a:

  • visas de inmigrante (visas de residencia) por proceso consular (Consular Process)
  • visas de diversidad en el empleo y en la familia
  • visas de residencia a padres de ciudadanos Americanos
  • visas de residencia familiares de residentes permanentes

Esta orden NO aplica a:

  • visas de inmigrante (visas de residencia - ajuste de status) dentro de los Estados Unidos
  • visas de no-inmigrante (por ejemplo visas de turista, visas de estudio, visas comprometidos / fiance visas
  • visas de trabajadores del medio de salud, visas de inversion EB5, visas para cónyuges e hijos menores de ciudadanos Americanos
  • aquellos que ya tienen su visa y aún no han ingresado
  • personas asiladas, inmigrantes juveniles especiales, victimas de violencia domestica (VAWA) y entre otros.

También hay una excepción general para el interés nacional.

Esta orden entra en vigor mañana 23 de Abril del 2020 a las 11:59 pm y dura 60 días.


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